New Paradigms and Models for Evaluating Community Safety

Many of our policy ideas, models and paradigms regarding community safety in South Africa were influenced by or arose from certain international models and paradigms. These range from punitive and law enforcement approaches to crime prevention approaches to community safety ideas to the public health paradigm (building healthy communities). One paradigm does not necessarily negate the others and these different approaches might be taking place simultaneously in the same place. Nonetheless, it will be argued that there has been a gradual shift in terms of paradigms and models internationally and nationally from merely preventing crime (a negation) to promoting health and safety (pro-social outcomes across a wide range of indicators affecting safety).